Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases, mostly genetic in nature, causing gradual wasting of muscles accompanied by weakness. Certain genes are responsible for production of proteins needed for structure and protection of muscle fibers. When one of these genes is affected due to genetic mutation, muscular dystrophy develops.
Depending on the type of gene affected, different forms of muscular dystrophy come into existence. There are mainly nine forms of this debilitating disease.
Though mostly hereditary in nature, it can also be caused due to spontaneous or sporadic genetic mutations in the affected person. In a genetic mutation, the DNA sequence of the gene is altered.
Signs and Symptoms
- Frequent falls
- Problems with running and jumping
- Abnormal gait
- Walking on the toes
- Joint contracture
- Muscle pain and stiffness
- Learning disabilities
- Unable to get up from a lying or sitting position
- Trouble breathing or swallowing
In severe conditions, victims lose out on the ability to walk. Symptoms may appear as early as in infancy, but in other cases may manifest at middle age or later. There may be a slight variation in symptoms based on type of the disease.
- Hydrophis cyanocinctus
As with every homeopathic remedy it should be taken under the guidance of a certified homeopath.
Muscular dystrophy has no cure. Management and control of the disease at the initial stages is important to avoid further damage.
If left untreated, heart abnormalities can cause life-threatening complications in such affected females. If muscular dystrophy is suspected, tests can help to make an accurate diagnosis. Other people in the family can also be tested to see if they have a muscular dystrophy gene. Muscular dystrophy cannot be cured but there are various treatments which can help.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can a woman get muscular dystrophy?
Diseases inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern mostly affect males, because a second X chromosome usually protects females from showing symptoms. … Males who inherit the mutation get the disease because they have no second dystrophin gene to make up for the faulty one.
Is muscular dystrophy a hereditary disease?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. Males have only one copy of the X chromosome from their mother and one copy of the Y chromosome from their father. If their X chromosome has a DMD gene mutation, they will have Duchenne muscular dystrophy.