Thyroid

What is Hypothyroidism ?

Hypothyroidism is the low or decreased activity and function of the thyroid gland. It is one of the most common endocrine disorders. Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland present in the neck containing two lobes connected by the isthmus giving an appearance of  letter ‘H’. Thyroid gland function is to secrete thyroid hormone in order to influence body metabolism and protein synthesis. ‘Hypo’ in Hypothyroidism means low or less than normal activity and production of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroid condition is also called as underactive thyroid .

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism ?

Hypothyroidism leads to dryness of skin, increased cholesterol and triglycerides levels, decreased heartbeat(bradycardia), constipation, depressed mood(dementia), decrease in physical activity(fatigue), unexplained weight gain, sensation of cold or sensitivity to cold, pain in joints, hair fall, nails become brittle and anemia.

What causes hypothyroidism?

There are different causes for Hypothyroidism to occur such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis which is an autoimmune disease, a common cause of hypothyroidism.  Certain medications can also cause hypothyroidism. It can develop during or immediately after pregnancy in relation to other changes in the body.  Any surgery of thyroid gland could lead to low functioning of thyroid gland leading to hypothyroidism. Iodine deficiency is one of the causes for hypothyroidism.Late effects of cancer therapy can also lead to hypothyroidism.

Depending on the causative factors, hypothyroidism is of 2 types:

Primary hypothyroidism and Secondary hypothyroidism

Primary hypothyroidism causes include autoimmunity such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Atrophic thyroiditis. Iodine deficiency. Infiltrative disorders such as amylodosis, Sarcoidosis, Scleroderma, Haemochromatosis,

Congenital hypothyroidism:absent or ectopic thyroid gland, Dyshormonogenesis, TSH-R mutation

Drugs such as Iodine excess, lithium , anti thyroid drugs etc

Iatrogenic causes such as treatment with subtotal or total thyroidectomy, external irradiation of neck for cancer.

Secondary hypothyroidism causative factors are

Hypopituitarism; tumors, pituitary surgery , trauma.

Isolated TSH deficiency or inactivity.

Hypothalamic disease :

tumors, trauma, infiltrative disorders, idiopathic.

How is hypothyroidism known ?

Hypothyroidism is diagnosed by assessing the symptoms and blood tests , which measure the amount of Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) , T3 and T4. . In case of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Anti-thyroid peroxidase test is done to know whether hypothyroidism is due to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.Clinically, Hypothyroidism is defined as an elevated TSH in conjunction with decreased T4 level.

What is the treatment for Hypothyroidism ?

The goal of hypothyroidism treatment is to maintain normal serum TSH levels. Ultimate aim should be treat hypothyroidism completely. It is possible by taking medicines regularly and leading a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and physical exercise.

Homeopathy has excellent medicines proven to efficacy which act deep enough to manage and cure hypothyroidism. The medicines are prescribed after a detailed case-history of the patient with information from the start of hypothyroidism symptoms to the present stage of the disease. The causative factors are taken into consideration along with the physical make-up , medical history and the behavioral characteristics which are unique to every individual. The aim of every homeopath is to reach to the most appropriate remedy in order to bring relief from hypothyroidism.

 

What if hypothyroidism is not treated or ignored?

Hypothyroidism causes hyperkinesia(increase in potassium levels)  leading to atrioventricular block, a heart disease.Hypothyroidism as such does not cause heart failure but it commonly exacerbates heart failure. Cardiac manifestations  as a result of hypothyroidism are in the form of bradycardia, hypotension(low B.P--low systolic pressure and high diastolic pressure), pericardial effusion(oedema), dilated cardiomyopathy and  congestive heart failure.All the heart related problems arise due to reduced cardiac output, decrease in stroke volume, heart rate lessened, systolic blood pressure reduced and drop in pulse pressure.

Hypothyroidism can worsen asthma and other respiratory disorders:

In some patients with hypothyroidism, it seen they have increase in cholesterol and triglycerides levels which could affect heart arteries causing atherosclerotic Coronary artery disease(CAD).

Sleep apnoea is another disorder seen in patients with hypothyroidism:

In some cases, hypothyroidism patients complain of dementia which is reversible dementia. It can also affect taste and smell to some degree. Hypothyroidism is also responsible for euvolemic hyponatremia among other causes.

What is special about treatment for hypothyroidism at POSITIVE HOMEOPATHY?

Positive Homeopathy through its experience in treatment of hypothyroidism and other thyroid diseases has developed perfection in approaching any hypothyroidism patient with early diagnosis, effective treatment plan and management. Patients with hypothyroidism continue taking treatment even after finding their symptoms getting better and blood reports being normal. During the course of treatment, screening of thyroid hormones is done regularly and dose of the medicine is adjusted. A diet regimen required for hypothyroidism control is explained by the doctors. The treatment objective is to build confidence in patients with hypothyroidism by the doctors followed by relief in symptoms to perform daily activities and lead a healthy lifestyle.

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