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Systemic lupus erythematosus

What is Systemic lupus erythematosus?
Systemic lupus erythematosus , SLE, is an autoimmune disease resulting in organ and cell damage in multiple systems of the body. Autoantibodies and immune complexes mediate in the develop of SLE.

Who suffer from SLE?
About 90% of the patients of SLE are women of reproductive age though Systemic lupus erythematosus can be seen in people of both the sexes and ages.

Why do people suffer from Systemic lupus erythematosus?
The reason for abnormal immune response, autoimmunity, is the result of interaction between the genes which are susceptible to SLE and certain environmental factors which predispose to SLE.  This leads to presence of autoantigens, autoantibodies and immune complexes for longer time in the body causing inflammation and hence disease develops.

What are the symptoms of SLE ?
The symptoms of Systemic lupus erythematosus are made based on the severity and reversibility of the illness which means symptoms which are mild to life-threatening.

The systemic symptoms of SLE correspond to the specific type of susceptible gene affected which is not the same in all the patients with SLE.

The symptoms of Systemic lupus erythematosus can be studied as follows :

Systemic manifestations : Fatigue. Myalgias. Arthralgias. Fever. Weight loss. Anaemia are the symptoms indicative of systems getting affected.

Musculoskeletal symptoms :
Pain in multiple joints (Polyarthritis), tenderness in joints , mostly in hands, wrists, knees. Myositis and/or Myalgias. Muscle weakness

Skin symptoms of SLE :
The symptoms of skin in SLE is called as Lupus dermatitis which range from acute to chronic skin complaints. Discoid lupus erythematosus is seen as a chronic condition with the presence of rough circular lesions which may disfigure the face and scalp.  Acute skin symptoms are due to photosensitivity with reddish scaly lesion on the face, (characteristically known as “butterfly rash”), ears, chin, upper back neck and upper extremities. Urticaria, lichen-planus-like dermatitis, bullae are other SLE rashes either minor or severe. Small ulcerations of SLE may also appear in the mouth and nose.

Kidney symptoms of SLE :
Lupus nephritis is the termed used to denote the symptoms of SLE when kidneys are affected. The patients complain of haematuria, proteinuria and renal hypertension. In some, symptoms of nephrotic syndrome develop. In patients who fail to get adequate treatment for lupus nephritis land into end-stage renal disease (ESRD) which is irreversible kidney damage.

Nervous system symptoms :
The major cause of sickness and death in some of the patients is the severity of nervous system manifestations of SLE. Both the central and peripheral nervous systems are affected. The patients complain of memory and reasoning problems. Headache become common and regular. Seizures may occur due to Systemic lupus erythematosus.

Vascular and Haematological manifestations :
Anaemia, leukopenia, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, splenomegaly are the result of autoimmunity in SLE . Also, occlusion in the vessels due to atherosclerosis may lead to transient ischemic attacks, strokes and myocardial infarctions.

Lung and Heart symptoms :
Pleurisy, Pericarditis, Effusion. Myocarditis, Endocarditis. Coronary artery disease(CAD). Pulmonary hypertension.

How is SLE diagnosed?
The tests done for SLE are (1) to confirm or rule out the diagnosis, (2) to know the course and severity of the disease and (3) to know the side-effects of the undergoing treatment.

Laboratory test such as test for autoantibodies are done. Screening tests for complete blood count, platelet count and urine analysis are the test done as part of Systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosis.

Treatment for SLE :
As explained above, SLE is a progressive disease and therefore the aim of doctors at Positive Homeopathy Clinics is to reduce the remissions of acute complaints followed by strategy to reverse the pathology at whatever extent it is possible. The inflammatory stage and reversible nature of Systemic lupus erythematosus is well treated at Positive Homeopathy by the experienced doctors. In case of chronic and irreversible changes, homeopathy can provide palliative care by delaying the complications that could arise from such a stage of SLE. Positive Homeopathy has medicines which bring about palliative cure in life-threatening situations such as organ damage. But it is wise to approach a homeopathic doctor for early diagnosis and initiation of treatment for SLE so that doctors at Positive Homeopathy can have time to provide the best homeopathic treatment for SLE and other autoimmune diseases.

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Have a Healthy Summer with Homeopathy

The change of season this time of the year is with the arrival of summer and it brings with it great attributes required for the Mother Nature which includes the species, human beings. Because of global warming, the maximum temperature in summer is high and the tolerance power of the man remains the same. And hence, it is noticed that majority of the population suffer from health issue which are particular in the summer season.  It is therefore wise to make changes in lifestyle, follow some diet regimen and take preventive measures as required for a healthy life in summer also.

Some of the common health issues seen in summer season are:

  1. Heat stroke:  It is a state of increase in bodily temperature resulting from absorption of more heat and less loss it from the body. It may even turn into emergency condition needful of medical attention or even hospitalisation.
  2. Heat cramps: Certain people are susceptible to muscle cramps due to excess heat which deprivation of water and nutrients in the muscles.
  3. Acne Rosacea
  4. Sunburn
  5. Dandruff
  6. Heat prickles
  7. Headaches/Migraine
  8. Kidney stones/Nephrolithiasis
  9. Gallbladder stones/Cholecystitis
  10. Urinary tract infection/UTI
  11. Photo dermatitis
  12. Meningitis, viral.
  13. Cholera
  14. Food poisoning/ Gastroenteritis, bacterial.

What are the health tips to be followed in summer?

  1. One should take care of the eyes by wearing recommended sunglasses.
  2. Drink enough fluids to maintain sufficient hydration of the body tissues.
  3. Proper ventilation and aeration should be mechanised by opening all the doors and windows to let fresh air in.
  4. Wear loose, light-coloured cotton material clothes .
  5. Protect scalp by using umbrella and headgear(caps).
  6. Select best footwear which allows feet to feel fresh air.
  7. Drink green tea, citrus juices, butter milk for metabolism regulation.
  8. Adequate sleeping hours is must during summer.
  9. Eat lot of fruits like watrermelon, musk melon, cucumbers, pomegranates, bananas and apples.
  10. Take cold water bath at least 2 times a day.

What are the symptoms of Heat stroke and Sunstroke?
Headache , dizziness, and light-headedness are the symptoms associated with lack of sweating, red, hot skin. There may be nausea and vomiting with rapid heartbeat and shallow breathing. Whenever such symptoms are felt or observed, medical attention should be sought immediately.

What are the signs of bad-effects of sun exposure or heat exhaustion?
The person who gets heat exhausted feels dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea with or without vomiting and diarrhoea. They complain of muscle cramps particularly in abdomen and legs. In severe cases, confused state may persist with less urine excretion.

What steps to take for heat stroke?
Immediate step would be to get out of heat into a cool, aerated place preferably under the shade. Then, lie down with legs raised. Remove heavy and tight clothing, if any. Drink liquids such as water and mineral drinks but avoid aerated drinks and canned juices. Call the doctor immediately.

Are there any preventive medicine for heat stroke?
Homeopathy has a unique method of treatment which is called Homeoprophylaxis,which suggests, selection and dispensing of homeopathic medicines as preventive remedy  for the epidemic or outbreak etc in a large population. The common symptoms prevalent in majority of the population is considered in the selection of homeopathic medicine which is then dispensed to the unaffected so as to prevent the effect of heat stroke in them. Some of the proven effective homeopathic preventive medicines are Belladonna, Nux vomica, Arsenic album, Natrum mur. Positive Homeopathy Clinics recommends usage of homeopathic medicines under medical supervision only though homeopathic medicines are safe, non-toxic , non-addictive and do not cause any side-effects. Homeopathic preventive medicines are available at all the Positive Homeopathic Clinics along with the best homeopathic treatment for those suffering from any diseases common in summer season.

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Ulcerative Colitis : Now control is possible without Surgery

What is Ulcerative colitis ?
Ulcerative colitis, UC, is one of the two major types of Inflammatory bowel disease(IBD). It is an immune-mediated intestinal disease of chronic nature.

Who suffers from Ulcerative colitis?
UC is commonly found more in males than females and it is prevalent in the age group of 20’s to 40’s and after 70’s. It is also noticed that people living in urban areas are more affected with Ulcerative colitis than those living in rural areas. While, high socioeconomic classes seem to be more sufferers with UC than lower socioeconomic classes.

What are the risk factors in the development of Ulcerative colitis?
There are certain environmental factors and lifestyle activities which seem to pose a risk in the development of Ulcerative colitis in some and not in some others. Such factors are smoking, oral contraceptive use, previous appendectomy, antibiotic overuse in children. Diets rich in oils, sweets, animal protein, sugars, might increase the risk of Inflammatory bowel disease which includes Ulcerative colitis.

What causes Ulcerative colitis ?
Ulcerative colitis is caused by environmental factors and genetic predisposition which impact the homeostasis. A homeostasis is the normal phenomenon which occurs in the body with the harmony between the microorganisms, interstitial epithelial cells and the immune cells.

What happens in Ulcerative colitis?
In patients with Ulcerative colitis, the immune response is inappropriate to the microorganisms of the intestine  Normally , the immune response is in relation to the commensal or infective microorganism. There may be a component of autoimmunity associated with Ulcerative colitis.

Usually Ulcerative colitis involves the lower part of large intestine, the rectum and colon. The disease is limited to rectum mostly, but it also extends in some individual to affect part of colon or total colon.

In the initial stages, the intestinal mucosa becomes erythematous and granular. With severity, the mucosa turns hemorrhagic, swollen and ulcer formation starts. When Ulcerative colitis becomes chronic and a long-standing disease, polyps may be present and the mucosa appears atrophic with the colon getting narrowed and shortened. In extreme cases, the colon walls get thinner , the mucosa is severely ulcerated and could endanger perforation.

What are the symptoms of Ulcerative colitis?
It should be remembered that the severity of the symptoms depend on the extent and progress of the disease. The symptoms of Ulcerative colitis are diarrhoea, bleeding per rectum, mucus discharge, tenesmus and crampy abdominal pain.

The bleeding is either fresh blood or blood-stained mucus. . It is either mixed with stool or streaked onto the surface of normal or hard stool.

The patients also complain of tenesmus, urgency to pass stools and a sensation of bowels incompletely evacuated.

All the above symptoms of Ulcerative colitis increase with the severity of disease, ranging from bloody diarrhoea, liquid stool with pus, mucus and blood, nausea , vomiting, weight loss and fever.

On physical examination, the anal canal appears tender .

How is Ulcerative colitis diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Ulcerative colitis mostly depends on patient’s history and the nature of  symptoms. Otherwise C-reactive protein(CRP) , platelet count, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) are the haematological tests done in the diagnosis of Ulcerative colitis. Decrease in haemoglobin (Hb) is also a factor. Fecal lactoferrin and Fecal calprotectin levels are done to rule out irritable bowel disease. Colonoscopy is done to assess extent and progress of disease.

What are the complications of Ulcerative colitis?
Very few patients develop complications due to Ulcerative colitis. Massive bleeding  in severe form of disease may require blood transfusion and in such cases colectomy is indicated.

Toxic megacolon is one of the complications in which the diameter of the transverse or right colon is more than 6 cm due to electrolyte imbalance and excessive drugging.

Development of anal fissures, perianal abscesses and hemorrhoids are occasionally seen in Ulcerative colitis patients.

Perforation is the severest form of complication which could lead to acute peritonitis and death in 15% of the patients.

Stricture formation is another complication of Ulcerative colitis which could be benign or due to possibility of cancer.

Ulcerative colitis treatment ?
Ulcerative colitis requires comprehensive treatment which should be directed based on the location and extent of the disease. Homeopathy has medicines which have specific action on the rectum and colon and also on the pathological state of the disease. There are specialised homeopathic treatment method with Positive Homeopathy Clinics which are aimed at cure of Ulcerative colitis at inflammatory stage as well as ulcerative stage of the disease. A complete history as required in Ulcerative colitis treatment is also required as part of homeopathic case-taking by the expert doctors at Positive Homeopathy in the selection of most suitable homeopathic medicine in each individual patient. With newly-added medicines and experienced doctors, Positive Homeopathy is able to provide best homeopathic treatment to Ulcerative colitis patients and hence is regarded as the one of the top homeopathic clinics.

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Understanding Diabetes Mellitus and its Treatment

Diabetes mellitus known commonly as “Diabetes” and also “sugar”  is a disease which includes a group of metabolic disorders that feature increase in blood sugar levels, hyperglycaemia.

Diabetes is caused due to the factors which contribute to hyperglycemia , factors are ;

1)      Reduced insulin secretion
2)      Decreased glucose utilization
3)      Increased glucose production

Reduced Insulin Secretion : Insulin is secreted by the pancreas which is both an exocrine and endocrine gland located in the abdomen.  The function of Insulin facilitates the body to utilise glucose for metabolic activities and growth. Any metabolic disorder which causes reduced insulin secretion leads to hyperglycemia condition as the glucose is left unutilised by the body.

Decreased glucose utilization : This factor is self-explanatory. Whenever the glucose in the body is not utilised, it leads to hyperglycemia. This could be due to either reduced insulin secretion and release or due to  faulty lifestyle activities such as sedentary life, obesity, lack of physical exercise, improper diet etc.

Increased glucose production :  Sometimes, glucose is produced within the body by the breakdown of glycogen by the process of glycogenolysis,which is stored in certain organs. And way which causes increase in glucose production is by the gluconeogenesis, conversion of non-carbohydrates such as fatty acids and proteins into glucose.

Diabetes is a disease which includes a group of metabolic disorders. It is not a single disease or a syndrome but a group of disorders which cause increase in blood sugar levels. Therefore, it should be understood that in a patient with diabetes, not one system of the body is affected but there different reasons for hyperglycemia which need to be attended. This clearly implies, constitutional treatment is the way to treat diabetes which includes all the characters of the patient , from physical appearance to medical history, from hereditary factors to the lifestyle modifications, from mind to body.

Homeopathy is a system of medicine which has remedies for diabetes treatment with proven efficacy on human beings. A homeopathic doctor follows constitutional mode of treatment in their profession which enables recovery of health in patients with diabetes. At Positive Homeopathy, complete emphasis is given to orthodox and constitutional methods by experienced doctors so as to provide best homeopathic treatment for diabetes and its complications.

Along with quality treatment for diabetes, management of patients with diabetes is stressed upon by expert doctors at Positive Homeopathic clinics. The importance of lifestyle changes in the control of blood sugar levels is communicated to the patients by our doctors. Lifestyle changes such as regular physical exercise, proper diet regimen, avoidance of undue stress, etc are needed to followed by the diabetic patients.

Finally, it should be understood by the patients with diabetes that the treatment plan for diabetes includes a long-term approach for a healthy life. This is definitely attainable and is seen happening in many satisfied diabetic patients of Positive Homeopathy. Patients should follow the treatment for the duration recommended by the doctors along with the homeopathic management protocol.

 

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Dermatitis and Eczema

Dermatitis and Eczema are being used synonymously by the physicians. Therefore, they are ascertained together..

Dermatitis is a non-contagious skin disease. The skin cells inflammation in Dermatitis is known by the presence of redness of the skin with scaling and swelling. There is vesiculation and oozing of discharge as well.

Dermatitis as such means inflammation of the skin of all kinds except by specific infections.

Eczema on the other hand is an outcome of antigen-antibody reaction which leads to inflammation of the superficial layer of skin , epidermis with vesicle formation.

Causative factors : 1)  Allergy 2) Exposure to chemical irritants  3) familial tendency 4) Age of the individual .

More than the causative factors, there are certain triggering factors or agents which are responsible for the eczema and dermatitis.

The triggering factors for eczema are : chemical irritants, exposure to plants, clothing, cosmetics, drugs or medicines, certain diet/food items, etc.

Eczema also develops in people who are suffering from xeroderma or ichthyosis, greasy skin, excessive sweating, varicose veins and chilblains.

The journey of eczema can be classified into three stages. Acute Eczema, Sub-acute Eczema and Chronic Eczema

Acute stage of eczema starts with redness of the skin and itching. It is followed by sub-acute stage with the appearance of swelling and papules . These stages dont last long and the lesions disappear. But if the cause for eczema persists, it lasts over months or years and thus becomes chronic eczema. Finally the skin becomes thickened, pigmented with prominent criss-cross markings.

Different types of Dermatitis and Eczema : Some of the common types of dermatitis and eczema are listed here

  • Photodermatitis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Infantile eczema
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis
  • Discoid eczema

What is status eczematicus ?
When the skin of an Eczema patient becomes sensitive and it reacts unfavourably to the local applications or ointments, it is called “status eczematicus.”

Is eczema curable ?
The acute and subacute stages of eczema do not last long and gets healed. But the chronic stage of eczema requires good homeopathic treatment for complete cure and to stop return of eczema.

How do i prevent eczema?
Eczema can be prevented from long suffering by being alert from triggering factors which lead to eczema bloom such as chemical irritants, certain drugs and medicines, allergens such as plants, animals, clothing and cosmetics.

Is eczema contagious ?
Eczema or dermatitis as such are not contagious. But in some chronic eczematous patients who are vulnerable to infections can become source of spread of infection but not eczema. So as to say, eczema is not contagious because eczema is an outcome of antigen-antibody reaction due from allergy in people with sensitive skin.

At Positive Homeopathy Clinics, the doctors are well experienced to diagnose eczema and dermatitis from other similar skin diseases which is vital in the selection of homeopathic medicines. The doctors then carefully select the most important and also most common features in the patient in relation to the disease symptoms as well as with regards to personality of the patient which is unique from others. Such a method of practising is known as constitutional treatment which is the core of homeopathy responsible for permanent cure in almost all the diseases. It is ensured by the doctors themselves that medicines selected are then dispensed appropriately so that eczema and dermatitis can be cured. All these guidelines are followed in all the Positive Homeopathy Clinics which has earned itself as one of the best homeopathic clinics in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis.

 

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