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thyroid treatment in homeopathy

Thyroid Problems

Thyroid gland is largest gland in endocrine system. Thyroid gland situated in neck. Main function of thyroid gland is producing hormones – T3[tri iodothyronin]  and T4[tetraiodothyronine] which controls body metabolism, thyroid gland also produce calcitonin which plays a role in calcium homeostasis. The hormonal output from thyroid is regulated by thyroid stimulating hormone [TSH ] produced by anterior pituitary, which itself regulated by thyrotropin releasing hormone [TRH] produced by hypothalamus.

The most common problems of thyroid gland consist of an overactive thyroid gland referred to as hyperthyroidism and underactive thyroid gland referred to as hypothyroidism. When there is fluctuation in thyroid hormones which causes thyroid problems. Normal range should be-

T3 – 80-230 ng/dl in adults

83-280 ng/dl in baby and old children

32-250 ng/dl in new born

T4 – 5-14 mg/dl in adult

5.6-16.6 mg/dl in babies and older children

9.8-22.6          mg/dl in new born

TSH – 0.4-6 mg/dl

When TSH is less than 0.4 mg/dl condition is called as hyperthyroidism .when TSH is more than 6 mg/dl condition is called as hypothyroidism.

CAUSES :

  • Iodine deficiency –now days this is rare cause for thyroid problem because salt contains iodine. Other than this vitamin deficiency, magnesium deficiency etc.
  • Mental stress.
  • Hereditary.
  • During pregnancy due to hormonal fluctuation. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause maternal and fetal hypothyroidism [congenital hypothyroidism] and impair neurological development of fetus.

HYPOTHYROIDISM: Underactive thyroid gland

In this condition, TSH more than 6 mg/dl, T3 is normal and T4 is decreased or normal.

SYMPTOMS OF HYPOTHYROIDISM:

Initially it may be asymptomatic

  • Cold intolerance                                       Weight gain
  • Low heart rate > 60 bpm                         Weakness
  • Decreased sweating                                 Muscle cramps and joint pain
  • Dry itchy skin, puffy face                        Brittle and thin nails
  • Depression                                               Hypotension
  • Hair loss                                                   Anemia
  • Increased sleep                                         Irritability
  • Deafness                                                  Enlarged tongue
  • Constipation, indigestion
  • Gynaecomastia-breast development in men
  • Female infertility due to hormonal imbalance which is produced from ovaries .which causes irregular menses
  • Hyperprolactinamea – prolactin level increases in blood
  • Galactorrhea – is spontaneous flow of milk unassociated with child birth
  • Serum cholesterol level increases
  • Goiter- enlargement of thyroid gland
  • Slow speech, hoarseness of voice, breaking in voice, difficulty in swallowing, shortness of breath
  • Low basal body temperature
  • Decreased libido in men, decreased sperm count

HYPERTHYROIDISM: (Overactive thyroid gland)

In this condition, TSH will be less than 0.4mg/dl, T3 and T4 increased. Hyperthyroidism may cause thyrotoxicosis. some patient may develop thyrotoxicosis as a result of inflammation of thyroid gland[ thyroiditis]

SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTHYROIDISM:

  • Heat intolerance                          Nervousness
  • Irritability                                     Increased sweating
  • Increased heart rate                      Hand tremors
  • Anxiety                                        Decreased sleep
  • Thinning of skin                           Fine, brittle hair
  • Muscular weakness                      Weight loss even though appetite is good
  • Irregular menses                           Palpitation
  • Hair loss                                        Weakness
  • Hypoglycemia                              Polyuria
  • Polydipsia-increased thirst           Delirium
  • Confusion                                     Amenorrhea-absence of menstruation
  • Nausea and vomiting                    Diarrhea
  • Gynaecomastia-development of breast in men
  • Exophthalmos- bulging of eye anteriorly out of the orbit
  • Swelling in front of the neck from enlarged thyroid gland called goite

HASHIMOTO’S THYROIDITIS:

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is attacked by a variety of cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  •  Hashimoto’s thyroiditis very often results in hypothyroidism with bouts of hyperthyroidism.
  •  Symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis include myxedematous psychosis, weight gain, depression, mania, sensitivity to heat and cold, paresthesia , chronic fatigue, panic attacks, bradycardia, tachycardia, high cholesterol, reactive hypoglycemia , constipation, migraines, muscle weakness, joint stiffness, menorrhagia, cramps, memory loss, vision problems, infertility and hair loss.
  •  The thyroid gland may become firm, large, and lobulated in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, but changes in the thyroid can also be non-palpable.
  •   Enlargement of the thyroid is due to lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis rather than tissue hypertrophy.
  •   Physiologically, antibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and/or thyroglobulin cause gradual destruction of  follicles in the thyroid gland
  •  Accordingly, the disease can be detected clinically by looking for these antibodies in the blood.

DIAGNOSING THYROID CONDITIONS:

Diagnosis of various thyroid disease and conditions involves clinical examination, blood tests, and in some cases, imaging tests and/or biopsy. There are different tests and procedures used to diagnose the following thyroid problems:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hashimoto’s Disease
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Graves’ Disease
  • Goiter, Nodules
  • Thyroid Cancer

INVESTIGATIONS FOR THYROID PROBLEM:

THYROID BLOOD TESTS-The blood tests that may be done as part of a thyroid diagnosis include the following:

  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Test
  • Total T4/ Total Thyroxine
  • Free T4 / Free Thyroxine
  • Total T3 / Total Triiodothyronine
  • Free T3 / Free Triiodothyronine
  • Thyroglobulin/Thyroid Binding Globulin/TBG
  • Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPOAb) / Antithyroid Peroxidase Antibodies
  • Antithyroid Microsomal Antibodies / Antimicrosomal Antibodies
  • Thyroglobulin Antibodies / Antithyroglobulin Antibodies
  • Thyroid Receptor Antibodies (TRAb)
  • Thyroid-Stimulating Immunoglobulins (TSI)

 

Nuclear Scan / Radioactive Iodine Uptake (RAI-U) – which can tell whether a person has Graves’ disease, toxic multinodular  goiter, or thyroiditis.

CT scan – to help detect and diagnose a goiter, or larger thyroid nodules.

MRI / Magnetic Resonance Imaging – to evaluate the size and shape of the thyroid

Thyroid Ultrasound – to evaluate nodules, lumps and enlargement of your gland. Ultrasound can tell whether a nodule is a fluid-filled cyst, or a mass of solid tissue.

THYROID BIOPSY/ASPIRATION-A needle biopsy, also known as fine needle aspiration (FNA) is used to help evaluate lumps or cold nodules.

OTHER DIAGNOSTIC TESTS – Iodine Patch Tests, Saliva Testing, Urinary Testing, Basal Body Temperature Testing.

 

TREATMENT FOR THYROID PROBLEM IN POSITIVE  HOMEOPATHY:

Positive homeopathy treats Thyroid problem positively by giving constitution medicine. Homeopathic medicines make diseased man to normal state.

“Homeopathic sweet pills kills the ills”

It helps to increase immune system in body to fight against disease. Homeopathy medicine acts on hypothalamus and brings thyroid hormones to normal range.

 

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Sinusitis

A 24 years old female complains “my head feels heavy, can’t bend down, something tight feeling around the head, my nose is stuffed, and I cannot breath. I got very ill one winter, dizzy, fever, congestion, and ear infection, fatigue. My sinuses were constantly draining, green, thick mucus. Because I let it go so long thinking it was just a cold, it turned into Bronchitis and I was out of work for 2 weeks on a strong course of antibiotics.” this is what we hear most of them complaining. If we try to enquire about the past they give a history of recurrent cold or coryza. That is how a case of sinusitis presents.

So what is this sinusitis?

It’s nothing but the inflammation of the Paranasal sinuses.
What are these Paranasal sinuses then? These are the four paired structures surrounding the nasal cavities which make the skull bone feel light, provides insulation to the skull and provide Resonance for the voice.

Depending upon the location they are named as,

  • Frontal (forehead, eyebrows),
  • Maxillary (cheek bone),
  • Sphenoid (behind the eyes to vertex) and
  • Ethmoid (in between the eyes or root of nose).

Pathophysiology of Sinusitis:-

The paranasal sinuses are lined with mucus membrane that has ciliated epithelium which produces mucus. Normally, mucus does not accumulate in the sinuses, as it is cleared by the cilia. These discharges remain sterile despite their adjacency to the bacterium-filled nasal passages. But, when the sinus ostia are obstructed, however, or when ciliary clearance is impaired or absent, the secretions can be retained. This is when it can get infected with bacteria, virus or fungus producing the typical signs and symptoms of sinusitis.

Other causes are: Noninfectious causes include Allergic Rhinitis (mucosal oedema or polyp), Barotrauma (deep sea diving, air travel), chemical irritants, squamous cell carcinoma or deviated nasal septum.

These infectious agents or the irritants cause the mucus membrane to swell up and prevent draining of fluid from sinuses. Collected fluid dries up and becomes viscid and turns yellowish to green.

How does it presents?

Most of them present it after a viral infection or any upper respiratory tract infection.
Common presenting symptoms of sinusitis include,

  • Nasal drainage
  • Congestion
  • Facial pain or pressure
  • Headache

Start on one side and progress to both. Thick, purulent or discolored nasal discharge is often thought to indicate bacterial sinusitis, but it also occurs early in viral infections such as the common cold and is not specific to bacterial infection alone.

Other nonspecific symptoms include,

  • Cough,
  • Sneezing,
  • Fever.
  • Tooth pain, most often involving the upper molars, is associated with bacterial sinusitis,
  • Halitosis (offensive breath).

Headaches or heaviness of the head is localized to the involved sinus like frontal sinus, pain in the forehead, maxillary, pain in cheek bones etc. it can be worse when the person bends over or lying down. Sphenoid or Ethmoid sinus infection can present as severe frontal or retro-orbital pain radiating to the occiput. Presence of nasal discharge can differentiate it from toothache, tension headaches or migraine.

Complications

If these symptoms are not treated on time it will lead to chronic sinusitis. That is if it is persistent for more than 3 months or acute is recurring.
The symptoms are similar to acute but of longer duration and may lead to loss of sense of smell and taste. Due to the stuffed nose there may be difficulty in sleeping and tiredness.
Rarely may end up in severe complications like Lower Respiratory Tract infections (Bronchitis), swelling around the face, meningitis, cerebral abscess.

How will the physician diagnose??

A detailed case history can identify the cases. Depending on the symptoms or presentation it’s difficult to differentiate it as bacterial or viral.

Duration of the disease can be of help to differentiate it, less than 7 days for viral and more than 7 days for bacterial.

Tenderness: In acute cases no much investigations is required. The doctor may press on your face to check for any tender points to locate the infection. In chronic or seemingly complicated cases may require CT -Scan to be done.

A routine blood investigation will help to know the severity of infection. Few cases may require endoscopy or culture and sensitivity if the case is not clear.

Mode of Treatment

General management:

  • Quit smoking
  • Drinking plenty of fluids and getting lots of rest when needed is still the best bit of advice to ease the discomforts of the common cold. Water is the best fluid and helps lubricate the mucus membranes.
  • Ginger tea, fruit juice, and hot tea with honey and lemon may all be helpful.
  • Spicy foods that contain hot peppers or horseradish may help clear sinuses.
  • Inhaling steam 2 – 4 times a day is extremely helpful

What is the treatment available??

Most of the Sinusitis headaches are neglected in the beginning stage, that too when intensity of pain is less, even if taken care also, it will be in the form of following measures.

Antibiotics: – but it is not required in all cases. Only if the infection is serious it may be required. Taking more antibiotics may suppress the mucus discharge per nose and may lead to collection of more mucus in sinuses. Adaptation of Antibiotics may lead to higher/strong range of Antibiotics every time.
Nasal steroid spray (adverse reaction are seen), decongestant nasal drops, nasal irrigation or inhalation, steam inhalation – reduce the swelling of mucus membrane and can be soothing but later affects are worse than previous by reducing the sensitivity.

Other treatment includes
Surgery: – functional endoscopic sinus surgery (even after surgery you will need to use steroid nasal sprays, or other medication)
Balloon dilatation of the sinuses (not enough research is available)
Why Homoeopathy is safer…?
As I mentioned Common infections like common cold, repeated attack of Allergic Rhinitis are the main causes for the Sinusitis, which shows that the particular person’s immunity or body’s resistance power is poor and are much prone to diseases like this. Through Homeopathic medicines we can boost up the immunity and even it’ll reduce the recurrence (which is very common) with relief & without any side effect.
Why Positive homeopathy…?
“Homoeopathy is same but Homeopath’s approach differs”
Yes, we have very wonderful Homeopathic remedies (Like ,Allium Cepa,Hydrastis,Kali Bich ,Kali Iod, Lemna minor,Lyco, Pulsatilla, Sanguinaria, Sil, Spigelia, ,Sticta p ,Viola odarata, , etc etc.) that can open and hydrate sinuses may help in getting better in an acute conditions with severe headache.
But to get complete relief without recurrence one has to follow the Classical homeopathy which is found by our Master Samuel Hahnemann and taught by Dr.Prafull Vijaykar. Where through Theory of Suppression we can access the exact stage of disease and can decide the prognosis after giving a very well selected Constitutional remedy. By treating the root causes only one can make get rid of recurrence and from further complications.

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PSORIASIS

Introduction:

It is a greek language meaning “itching condition”(psora-itch, sis-action).

Definition:

Psoriasis is a chronic recurring skin disease characterized by red, flaky, crusty, patches of the skin covered with silvery scales.

It is an immune mediated diseases that affects the skin and it is not contagious disease.

Causes and triggering factors:

  1. Stress.
  2. Skin injury and infections (mostly streptococcal infection).
  3. Changes in season or climates.
  4. Certain medicine including lithium salt, beta blockers, antimalarial drugs.
  5. Excessive alcohol consumption.
  6. Smoking.
  7. Some hair spray, face creams, hand infections.
  8. Genetic cause- leucocyte antigen alleles.
  9. Idiopathic.

10. Advanced effects of human immune deficiency virus.

11. Family history of psoriasis.

Mechanism:

It has two hypothesis, they are as follows:

  • The first considers the psoriasis are primarily a disorder of excessive growth and reproduction of skin cells.
  • The problem is simply seen as a fault of the epidermis and its keratinocytes
  • The second hypothesis is sees the disease as being an immune mediated disorder in which the excessive reproduction of skin cells is secondary to factors produced by the immune system.
  • Tcells become active and migrate to the dermis and trigger the release of cytokines, which cause inflammation and rapid production of skin cells.

General symptoms and stages:

Psoriasis can appear anywhere on the skin but its favourite location are the knee, elbow bends, arms, legs, scalp, genetial areas, and nails.

It is often symmetrical lesions have similar shapes.

Plagues may be surrounded by a rim.

There are four stages are as follows:

  1. Early stage.
  2. Progressive stage.
  3. Stationary stage.
  4. Regressive stage.

Early stage:

It begins with small pink papules with are covered with fine white scales.these papules become plagues with itching.

Progressive stage:

Here the plaques grow in to larger ones and merge with one another with itching. many patients experience the koebner phenomena.

Stationary stage:

It begins few weeks after the progressive stage. The old lesions are covered with thick white scales, be new lesions do not appear.

Regressive stage:

The plaque stops growing they flatten and turn pale. When scaling decreases the lesions decrease in size and disappear leaving the discoloration on the skin.

Classification:

There are different varities of psoriasis:

  1. Psoriasis vulgaris.
  2. Psoriatic erythroderma.
  3. Pustular psoriasis.
  4. Guttate psoriasis.
  5. Nail psoriasis.
  6. Psoriatic arthritis.
  7. Inverse psoriasis.
  8. Drug induced psoriasis.

Psoriasis vulgaris:

It is the most common form of psoriasis. It affects 80-90% of the people with psoriasis.

Plague psoriasis is typically appears as raised areas of inflamed skin covered with silvery white scaly skin.

Psoriatic erythroderma:

It involves the widespread inflammation and exfoliation of skin over most of the body surface.

It accompanied by severe itching, swelling and pain.

It is often the result of an excaberation unstable plagues psoriasis, particularly following the abrupt withdrawl of systemic treatment.

Pustular psoriasis:

It appears as raised bumps that are filled with non infections pus(pustules). The skin under and surrounding the pustules is red and tender. Pustular psoriasis can be localized, commonly to the hands and feet (palmoplantar pustulosis), or generalized with widespread patches.

Guttate psoriasis:

It is characterized by numerous small, scaly, red, pink, tear drop-shaped lesions. These numerous spots of psoriasis appear over large areas of the body, primarily the trunk, but also the limbs and scalp.

Nail psoriasis:

It produces a variety of changes in the appearance of fingers and toe nails. These changes include discolouring under the nail plate, pitting of the nails, lines going across the nails, thickening of the skin under the nail, and the loosening (onycholysis) and crumbling of the nail.

Psoriatic arthiritis:

It involves joint and connective tissues inflammation. Psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint, but is most common in the joints of the fingers and toes. This can result in a sauage-shaped swelling of the fingers and toes known as dacylitis.

Psoriatic arthritis can also affect the hips, knees and spine (spondylitis). Between 10-30% of people who have psoriasis also have psoriatic arthritis.

Drug induced psoriasis:

There are some drugs which can induce lithium salt, beta blockers, antimalarial drugs.

 Diagnosis:

  1. 1.    Auspitz’s sign:

On peeling of the lesions of the skin, it can produce the haemorrhagic spots.

  1. 2.    Koebner’s phenomena:

This type of phenomena is first discovered by heinrich koebner in 1872. The skin injury ( tattoo pricking, cuts etc)can causes new psoriatic lesions.

  1. PSAI:

Psoriasis area severity index(PSAI) is the most widely used measurement tool for psoriasis. PSAI combines the assessment of the severity of lesions and the area affected in to a single score in the range 0 (no disease) to range72 (maximal).

Homoeopathic treatment:

Arsenicum album:

Dry rough scaly eruption, itching, burning, swelling, papular eruptions. Malignant pustules, ulcers and offensive discharge.

cold, wet, scratching.

Warmth.

Kali arsenicum:

Patches on back, arms and spreading from elbows. Scaly itching. Scaling off leaves behind red skin.

Kali bromatum:

Syphilitic psoriasis, skin is cold, blue, spotted, corrugated, large indolent painful pustules.

Thyroidinum:

It is one of the best psoriatic remedy for the chilly and anameic subjects, dry impoverished skin, cold hands  and feet.

Radium bromide:

Psoriasis of penis, itching eruption on face oozing, patch erythema on forehead

Graphitis:

Rough hard persistent dryness of skin with eruption oozing out a sticky exudation occurs in bends of limbs, groins, neck, and behind ears.

Other remedies:

There are many other remedies which includes aur.met, psorinum, selenium, hydrocotyle, mezerium, petroleum, iodum, pulsatilla, sepia, silicea, rhustox, thuja, Tuberculinum, cal carb, lyopodium,merc sol.

Conclusion:

In positive homoeopathy we are following the method of homoeopathy by          Dr. Prafull G. vijayakar.

Homoeopathic medicines act best on the genetic background, that it acts on the seven layers from them ectoderm to inner organs.  so that psoriasis is ly eradicated by our positive homoeopathy.

 

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Protein

  • Protein is essential for growth and repair of the body and maintenance of good health.
  • Protein also provides energy; 1 gram provides 17 kJ (4 kcal).
  • The Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) is set at 0.75g of protein per kilogram body weight per day for adults.
  • The amount of protein we need changes during a lifetime.
  • Different foods contain different amounts and different combinations of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins). Protein from animal sources (e.g. meat, fish, eggs and dairy products) contains the full range of essential amino acids needed by the body. However, vegans and vegetarians can get all the amino acids they need by combining different plant sources of protein, e.g. pulses and cereals.

Importance of protein

Proteins are fundamental structural and functional elements within every cell of the body and are involved in a wide range of metabolic interactions. All cells and tissues contain protein, therefore protein is essential for growth and repair and the maintenance of good health. Protein provides the body with approximately 10 to 15% of its dietary energy and it is the second most abundant compound in the body, following water. A large proportion of this will be muscle (43% on average) with significant proportions being present in skin (15%) and blood (16%).

Amino acids

Proteins are large molecules made up of long chains of amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. The biochemical activity of proteins is characterised by their individual structure, size and shape. These factors are determined by the sequence and characteristics of the constituent amino acids.

There are about 20 different amino acids commonly found in plant and animal proteins. For adults, 8 of these, have to be provided in the diet and are therefore defined as ‘essential’ or ‘indispensable’ amino acids. These are:

Leucine
Isoleucine
Valine
Threonine
Methionine
Phenylalanine
Tryptophan
Lysine.

In children, arginine, histidine, cysteine, glycine, tyrosine, glutamine and proline are also considered to be essential (indispensable) amino acids, because children are unable to make enough to meet their needs. These are referred to as ‘conditionally’ essential. There may also be certain disease states during adult life when a particular amino acid becomes conditionally essential.

The other amino acids do not have to be provided by the diet. This is because the amino group of these amino acids can be transferred to another amino acid with a different amino group by a process called transamination. In this way the body is able to make some amino acids itself. These are known as ‘non-essential’ or ‘dispensable’ amino acids.

How much protein should we eat?

The Dietary Reference Values for protein are based on estimates of need. For adults, an average requirement of 0.6g of protein per kilogram bodyweight per day is estimated. The Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) is set at 0.75g of protein per kilogram bodyweight per day in adults. This equates to approximately 56g/day and 45g/day for men and women aged 19-50 years respectively. There is an extra requirement for growth in infants and children and for pregnant and breast feeding women.

Any excess protein can be used to provide energy. 1g of protein provides 17kJ (4 kcal) but carbohydrate, and to a lesser extent fat, should be the main sources of dietary energy. At present, protein provides around 16% of energy on average in the British diet.

Current protein intakes

The average daily intake of protein in the UK is 88g for men and 64g for women, which is more than sufficient: it exceeds the Dietary Reference Values for protein. Foods vary in the amount of protein they provide but the main sources include meat, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, cereals and cereal products (e.g. bread), nuts and pulses (beans and lentils). The most common sources of protein in the British diet are shown in figure 1.

 

The nature of protein in the diet

Most foods contain either animal or plant cells and will therefore naturally contain protein. But the processing of foods may change the amounts and relative proportions of some amino acids; for example the Maillard reaction and the associated browning that occurs when foods are baked reduces the available lysine. The quality of the protein is also important and depends on the amino acids that are present. Proteins from animal sources have a higher biological value than proteins from plant sources. This is because the pattern of amino acids in animal cells is comparable to the pattern in human cells. Plant foods may have very different patterns of amino acids compared to animal proteins, and, in the past, this difference has lead to a concept of first-class and second-class proteins, for animal and plant foods respectively. However, diets are typically varied in the UK and rarely made up of single foods. A combination of plant proteins tends to have a complementary effect boosting their overall biological value.

Complementary action of proteins (plant protein)

In most diets, different proteins tend to complement each other in their amino acid pattern, so when two foods providing vegetable protein are eaten at a meal, such as a cereal (e.g. bread) and pulses (e.g. baked beans), the amino acids of one protein may compensate for the limitations of the other, resulting in a combination of higher biological value. This is known as the complementary action of proteins. Thus if vegetarians and vegans eat a variety of vegetable proteins in combination, there is no reason why the quality of protein cannot be as good as in a diet comprising meat, milk, fish, eggs or other foods that contain animal protein. Good sources of plant protein include nuts, seeds, pulses, mycoprotein and soya products. There are also small amounts in grains.

In the UK, most people’s diets contain plenty of protein and provide more than enough of the indispensable amino acids. However, in some countries where protein intakes are low, the complementary action of proteins plays an important role in helping individuals meet their nutritional requirements. For example, the tradition of combining lentils with rice in cuisines from the Indian sub continent.

Animal protein

Protein from animal sources contains the full range of essential amino acids required from an adult’s diet. Sources include meat, fish, eggs, milk and cheese. For most of us, low fat options of these foods are preferable as some can be high in saturated fat.

Good sources of protein

Table 1: Protein content of some common foods found in the diet

Food typeProtein content (g) per 100g

Meat protein

MeatChicken breast (grilled without skin)
Beef steak (lean grilled)
Lamb chop (lean grilled)
Pork chop (lean grilled)
32.0
31.0
29.2
31.6
FishTuna (canned in brine)
Mackerel (grilled)
Salmon (grilled)
Cod (grilled)
23.5
20.8
24.2
20.8
SeafoodPrawns
Mussels
Crabsticks
22.6
16.7
10.0
EggsChicken eggs12.5
DairyWhole milk
Semi-skimmed milk
Skimmed milk
Cheddar cheese
Half-fat cheddar
Cottage cheese
Whole milk yogurt
Low fat yogurt (plain)
3.3
3.4
3.4
25.4
32.7
12.6
5.7
4.8

Plant protein

PulsesRed lentils
Chickpeas
7.6
8.4
BeansKidney beans
Baked beans
Tofu (soya bean steamed)
6.9
5.2
8.1
GrainsWheat flour (brown)
Bread (brown)
Bread (white)
Rice (easy cook boiled)
Oatmeal
Pasta (fresh cooked)
12.6
7.9
7.9
2.6
11.2
6.6
NutsAlmonds
Walnuts
Hazelnuts
21.1
14.7
14.1

Adults and children should consume two to three servings of protein every day. If plant sources dominate, it is important to make sure that different types are consumed.

One typical portion size equates to:

•100gofleanbonelessmeat(redandpoultry)
•140goffish
•2mediumeggs
• 3 tablespoons of seeds or nuts.

It is important to choose lower fat protein-rich foods, such as lean meats or reduced fat dairy products as some high protein foods can also be high in saturated fat. This will help minimise the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

 

Protein and weight management

Protein-rich foods tend to make people feel fuller than foods rich in carbohydrates or fat. So including a lean source of protein with a meal can help to minimise feelings of hunger and decrease overall energy intake.

Some studies have shown protein-rich diets with a low carbohydrate content to be associated with slightly greater initial weight loss compared with widely recommended low fat eating programmes. However, no differences have generally been reported when comparisons have been made over a longer duration (e.g. after 12 months). Long-term studies are needed to compare the effects of protein-rich, low carbohydrate diets versus low fat diets on nutritional status and body composition and to assess their effects on disease risk and nutritional status.

Some popular high protein, low carbohydrate diets claim to be effective at producing weight loss despite a high fat intake from fatty meats and full fat dairy products. Such a diet remains contradictory to current healthy eating messages. Regardless of the composition of the diet, weight loss will only occur if a deficit in energy intake compared to output through activity is created to achieve a negative energy balance. There are also safety concerns about very-high-protein diets that involved cutting out other food groups and caution should therefore be exercised in promoting them.

When reducing energy intake in order to lose weight, it will be necessary to reduce intake of some foods but it is a good idea to maintain intake of low-fat, protein rich foods. In the context of a lower energy intake, this will result in a relatively high proportion of energy coming from protein in the diet, but will not represent an increase in the absolute amount of protein consumed or require the other food groups to be cut out of the diet.

 

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Causes, Symptoms and Treatment For Lethal Disease – Brain Tumor

The abnormal and unusual growth of the cells or the tissues within the brain is known as brain tumor. Brain tumors are basically of two types. They are malignant tumors which are also known as cancerous and the other type is non-malignant or non-cancerous or benign tumors. Brain tumors are caused because of the uncontrolled cell division because of the improper functioning of the brain. The cells which are unable to be controlled in this disease are neurons, glial cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, myelin-producing Schwann cells, lymphatic tissue, blood vessels etc.

Among the children, the true or primary brain tumors are usually located in the posterior cranial fossa. Among the adults, these would generally appear in the anterior two-thirds of the cerebral hemispheres. Brain tumors can affect any part of the brain in adults irrespective of the location they are in.

SYMPTOMS:

Depending on the characteristics of the tumor, there are two types of brain tumors:

  • Brain tumor depending on the tumor size or volume.
  • Brain tumor depending on the location of the tumor.

Whether a brain tumor is a benign or a malignant one depends on the time point of the symptom on set. Hence whether a tumor is lethal or non-lethal can be identified as follows:

  • Benign tumor if the symptoms grow at a very slow rate and they show very late.
  • Malignant tumor if the symptoms grow at a very fast rate and they show very early.

Persons who are experiencing the second type of symptoms should consult a doctor immediately as they observe them. They can be very harmful and unable to be treated if the patients do not seek instant medical attention.

TYPES OF TUMORS:

  • Large tumors in the brain can lead to high intracranial pressure which is nothing but a form of hypertension inside the brain. This would be translated into continuous and severe headaches, vomiting, unconsciousness etc.
  • Even small tumors which obstruct the passage of cerebrospinal fluid may cause similar tumors as that of a large tumor. Especially in children, the high brain pressure may lead to an unusual increase in the diameter of the skull.

SYMPTOMS DUE TO DIFFERENT TUMOR LOCATIONS:

 

Different tumor locations may lead to different types of symptoms. Some of the basic symptoms are

  • Cognitive and behavioral impairment
  • Personality changes
  • Hemiparesis
  • Hypoesthesia
  • Aphasia
  • Ataxia
  • Visual field impairment
  • Facial paralysis
  • Double vision
  • Tremor etc.

Though these are not the symptoms of only brain tumor, it is advised to consult a physician and get the doubts cleared up.

TREATMENT:

Brain tumors, as explained above, could be lethal or non-lethal. Whatever the kind it might be, it’s always better to have the person checked up who has been experiencing the symptoms stated before. Homeopathy has proved an efficient and effective treatment for recuperation from this disease. But patients should follow the instructions and prescriptions of the Homeopathy doctor right from the start of the first consultation for successful and treatment.

 

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