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Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder. Thalassemia sufferers are not able to make enough hemoglobin, leading to severe anemia. Since Thalassemia is a group of blood disorders and not a single disorder that affects the body in similar ways, it is important to note the differences between various types of thalassemia.
There are two primary types of Thalassemia disease:
- Alpha Thalassemia
- Beta Thalassemia
People whose hemoglobin doesn’t produce enough alpha protein have alpha thalassemia. The demographic is commonly Africa, India, Middle East, South East Asia and Southern China and to an extent the Mediterranean.
There are four types of thalassemia ranging from mild to severe in their effect on the body.
- Silent carrier state
- Hemoglobin constant spring
- Alpha thalassemia trait or mild alpha thalassemia
- Hemoglobin H constant spring
People whose hemoglobin doesn’t produce enough beta protein have beta thalassemia. It is found in the people of Mediterranean descent, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Africa, South East Asia, and Southern China.
There are three types of beta thalassemia ranging from mild to severe in their effect on the body.
- Thalassemia minor or thalassemia trait
- Thalassemia intermediate
- Thalassemia major or Cooley’s anemia
- Pale, listless appearance
- Poor appetite
- Dark urine
- Stunted physical growth & delayed puberty
- Enlarged spleen, liver or heart
The treatment includes blood transfusions, iron chelating therapy and folic acid supplements. Homeopathy addresses the root cause of the disease and not just the underlying symptoms. This will eventually reduce blood transfusions. Homeopathic medicines also improve immunity reducing frequent bouts of infections. However, the role of homeopathy is supplementary in case of thalassemia.