Acne or Acne Vulgaris is a skin problem that arises when oil and dead skin cells clog up your skin pores. When germs get into the pores it can result in pus, swelling and redness. It goes by various names: blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples or zits.
Few red spots or pimples here and there constitute mild form of acne. Whereas when numerous pimples cover the face, neck and back show up it is called a severe case of acne. Or, it can be bigger painful solid red lumps (cysts). It is common among teens and usually gets better after the teen years. Women who never had acne growing up might have it as an adult right before their menstrual periods.
Acne can appear during the teen years because hormonal changes make the skin oilier after puberty. Using oil based products on the face or skin will make it worse. Then, use only products labeled as non-comedogenic. Acne can be hereditary; if one of your parents have severe acne then you too are more likely to have it.
- Cystic lesions
To keep acne under control, keep your skin clean. Wash your skin once or twice a day with a gentle soap or acne wash. Don’t try to scrub or pick your pimples as this can lead to scarring. Avoid products that clog your pores. It will take some time to bring acne under control. So, you don’t see much result even after using non-prescription products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid after three months then see a dermatologist. A prescription gel or cream is all you need. If, you’ve acne cysts then a stronger medicine might be advised.
Homeopathy without the use of any of the above mentioned steroids cures acne effectively and reduces the chance of recurrence. It cures the acne without any side effects, but they have to be prescribed by experts who give the dosage as per the patient’s individual condition.
Moderate to severe acne if not treated early, may actually scar the skin. There are two types of scars that may result from moderate to severe acne:
- Hypertrophic scars are hard, raised areas of the skin surface.
- Pits, or "pocks" are depressed at various depths into the surface of the skin.
Once the scars have formed, there are options for their removal at a later time.
- Pits are sometimes treated with collagen injections or removed by excision.
- Dermabrasion, a "scrub brush" type of operation, is used to smooth out pit scars.
Frequently Asked Qustions
What causes acne?
Acne, commonly known as pimples, spots or zits, is a disorder of the sebaceous glands (oil glands.) Whenever there is excessive sebum production (sebum is the oil produced by the sebaceous glands), there is clogging of the glands, which happens along with dead skin cells forming a micro plug. This forms a whitehead.
How Long Will My Acne Last?
While there is no way to know how long a specific outbreak of acne will last, many people will probably be dealing with acne until the end of their teenage years, when hormones begin to be more in balance. Other people may deal with acne as adults. In almost all cases, the right treatment can provide some if not complete relief.